怎样记好初中英语单词?初中单词有哪些?

2019-08-26

如何记忆初一下册英语单词?试试这几个方法吧!众所周知,学习英语需要一个循序渐进的过程,所以我们必须在平时的学习中充分掌握一些基础知识。在英语学习中,英语单词记忆是最基本的学习内容。只有当你掌握了足够多的英语单词,你才能学好英语。这就规定大伙儿在平常的学习英语之中必须要去坚持不懈英语单词的记忆力,大伙儿把握的英语词汇量是多少能够立即危害大伙儿在学习英语之中每个工作能力的提高。那么,对于初一学生来说,怎样去高效记忆初一下册英语单词呢?希望小编下面归纳的几种方法能够给大家带来一定的帮助!

1.读音规则记忆法
它就是按照元音字母、元音字母组合、辅音字母及辅音字母组合在开音节和闭音节的读音规律记忆。例如:ea发[i:]。还有些固定的字母组合,例如:ly发[li],ty发[ti]和各种前缀、后缀,例如:a-,re-,un-,dis-,im-;-ed,-ing,-ly,-er,-or,-ful,-y等都有其比较固定的发音。掌握了这些规则,记单词时就不必一个字母一个字母地记忆了。

2.象形记忆法
象形词是就是人们利用单词整体或局部结构的象形性(形状)、特征、动作而创造出来的。在记忆过程中尽量运用直观形象和形象思维,以提高记忆效果。例如:eyeseemeetsleep(e、e代表两只眼睛);bed(b、d代表前后床头);cup(u为杯子状);banana(a代表香蕉的瓣,n代表连接的把);rabbit(b、b为两只长耳朵)等。

下面介绍一些初中必备的英语单词。
Unit1 Can you play the guitar?  【重点单词】  guitar [ɡɪ'tɑ:(r)] n. 吉他  sing [sɪŋ] v. 唱;唱歌  swim [swɪm] v. & n. 游泳  dance [dɑːns], [dæns] v. 跳舞 n. 舞蹈  draw [drɔː] v. 画  chess [tʃes] n. 国际象棋  play chess 下国际象棋  speak [spiːk] v. 说(某种语言);说话  speak English 说英语  join [dʒɔɪn] v. 参加;加入  club [klʌb] n. 俱乐部;社团  be good at… 擅长于……  tell [tel ] v. 讲述;告诉  story ['stɔːrɪ] n. 故事;小说  write [raɪt] v. 写作;写字  show [ʃəʊ] n. 演出;节目 v. 给……看;展示;  or [ɔː(r)] conj. 或者;也不(用于否定句)  talk [tɔːk] v. & n. 说话;交谈  talk to … 跟……说  kungfu [,kʌŋ’fuː] n.(中国)功夫  drum [drʌm] n. 鼓  play the drums 敲鼓  piano [pɪ'ænəʊ] n. 钢琴  play the piano 弹钢琴  violin [,vaɪə'lɪn] n. 小提琴  play the violin 拉小提琴  also ['ɔːlsəʊ] adv. 也;而且  people ['piːpl] n. 人;人们  home [həʊm] n. 家;活动本部 adv. 到家;在家  be good with… 善于应付……的;对……有办法  make [meɪk] v. 使成为;制造  make friends 结交朋友  today [tə'deɪ] adv. 在今天  help (sb) with sth 在某方面帮助(某人)  center ['sentə(r)] n.(=centre)中心;中央  weekend [,wiːk'end], [ 'wiː kend] n. 周末  on the weekend (在)周末  teach [tiːtʃ ] v教;讲授  musician [mjuː'zɪʃn] n. 音乐家  
 
【重点短语】  1. play the guitar 弹吉他  2. play chess 下棋  3. speak English 说英语  3. what to do sth 想做某事  4. join the music club 加入音乐俱乐部  5. match…..with 与……匹配  6. the swimming club 游泳俱乐部  7. what club 什么俱乐部  8. a sports club 一个体育俱乐部  10. be good at telling stories 擅长讲故事  11. the story telling club 讲故事俱乐部  12. like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事  13. let’s join 让我们加入......  14. sound good 听起来不错  15. students wanted for School Show 学校表演招聘学生  16. talk to/with sb 跟某人谈话  17. after school 放学后  18. do kung fu 表演功夫;练功夫  19. show sb. sth.=show sth. to sb. 把某物展示给某人  20. play games with people 和人们做游戏  21.be in the school music club 在学校音乐俱乐部  22. help for old people 对老人的帮助  23. be good with… 和某人相处得好,善于和..打交道  24. be free / be busy 空闲的/忙的  25. in July 在六月份  26. tell sb. stories 给某人讲故事  27. make friends with… 和某人交朋友  28. call sb. at …… 给某人打电话……  29. on the weekend 在周末  30. help sb.(to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事  31. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人  32. English-speaking students 说英语的学生  33. It is+adj +(for sb) to sth. 做某事(对于某人来说)是…..  34. play the piano 弹钢琴  35. play the violin 拉小提琴  36. the Students’ Sports Center 学生运动中心  37. need help to teach music 需要帮助来做某事  38. need sb. to do sth 需要某人做某事  39. teach sb. to do sth 教某人做某事  40. be in our school music festival 参加我们学校的音乐节  
 
【重点句型】  1. —Can you swim?  你会游泳吗?  —No,I can’t.  不,我不会。  2. Can you play the guitar?  你会弹吉他吗?  3. I want to join the art club.  我想参加艺术俱乐部.  4. What club do you want to join?  你想参加什么俱乐部?  5. You are very good at telling stories.  你非常擅长讲故事。  6. Sounds good. But I like to draw,too.  听起来不错。但我也喜欢画画。  7. Then join two clubs—the story telling club and the art club!  那么就请加人两个俱乐部—— 讲故事俱乐部和艺术俱乐部。  8. 一Can Wu Jun speak English?  吴俊会讲英语吗?  一No,he can’t, but he can speak Chinese.  不会,但他会讲汉语。  9. Are you good with old people?  你与老人们相处得融洽吗?  10. Can you play the piano or the violin?  你会弹钢琴还是会拉小提琴?  
 
Unit2 What time do you go to school?  【重点单词】  up [ʌp] adv. 向上  get up 起床;站起  dress [dres] v. 穿衣服 n. 连衣裙  get dressed 穿上衣服  brush [brʌʃ] v. 刷 n.刷子  tooth [tuːθ] n. (pl. teeth [tiːθ] ) 牙齿  shower ['ʃaʊə] n. & v. 淋浴 n. 淋浴器(间)  take a shower 洗淋浴  usually ['ju:ʒuəli] adv. 通常地;一般地  forty ['fɔ:(r)ti] num. 四十  wow [waʊ] interj.(表示惊奇或敬佩)哇;呀  never ['nevə(r)] adv. 从不;绝不  early ['ɜːlɪ] adv. & adj. 早(的)  fifty ['fɪftɪ] num. 五十  job [dʒɒb], [dʒɑːb] n.工作;职业  work [wɜːk] v. & n. 工作  station ['steɪʃn] n. 电(视)台;车站  radio station 广播电台  o'clock [ə'klɒk], [ə'klɑ:k] adv.(表示整点)……点钟  night [naɪt] n. 晚上;夜晚  funny ['fʌnɪ] adj. 奇怪的;滑稽好笑的  exercise ['eksəsaɪz] v. & n. 锻炼;练习  on weekends (在)周末  best [best] adj. 最好的 adv. 最好地;最  group [gruːp] n. 组;群  half [hɑːf], [hæf] n. & pron. 一半;半数  past [pɑːst], [pæst] prep. 晚于;过(时间)adj. 过去的  quarter ['kwɔː(r)tə(r)] n.一刻钟;四分之一  homework ['həʊmwɜː(r)k] n. 家庭作业  do (one’s) homework 做作业  run [rʌn] v. 跑;奔  clean [kliːn] v. 打扫;弄干净 adj. 干净的  walk [wɔːk] n. & v. 行走;步行  take a walk 散步;走一走  quickly ['kwɪkli] adv. 很快地  either ['aɪðə(r)], ['iː ðə(r) ]adv. 或者;也(用在否定词组后)  either…or … 要么……要么……;或者……或者……  lot [lɒt], [lɑ:t] pron. 大量;许多  lots of 大量;许多  sometimes ['sʌmtaɪmz] adv. 有时  taste [teɪst] v. 有……的味道;品尝 n.味道;滋味  life [laɪf] n. 生活;生命  
 
【重点短语】  1. go to school 去上学  2. get up 起床  3. get dressed 穿衣服  4. brush teeth 刷牙  5. eat breakfast 吃早饭  6. take a shower 洗澡  7. what time 什么时间  8. at six forty 在六点四十  9. an interesting job 一个有趣的工作  10. at the radio station 在广播电视台  11. usually /always/ often/ sometimes/ never 经常/总是/经常 /有时/从不  12. your radio show 你的广播节目  13. from …..to 从….到…..  14. at night 在夜晚  15. a funny time 一个有趣的时间  16. take exercise 锻炼  17. be late for….. 因… 迟到  18. at about ten twenty 在大约十点二十  19. on weekends 在周末  20. on school days 在上学日  21. half past six 六点半  22. a quarter past three 三点过一刻 (3:15)  23. a quarter to ten 十点差一刻 (9:45)  24. do (one’s) homework 做(某人的)家庭作业  25. take a walk 散步  26. go to bed 睡觉  27. eat quickly 吃得快  28. have much time 有许多时间  29. half an hour 半个小时  30. get home 到达家  31. either…..or 或者…….或者......  32. eat a good breakfast 好好吃顿早餐  33. lots of = a lot of 许多  34. be good for….. 对…….有益  35. taste good 尝起来好  36. do her homework 做她的家庭作业  37. have a healthy life 有一个健康的生活方 式  38. have dinner 吃晚饭  
 
【重点句型】  1. What time do you go to school?  你几点去上学?  2. 一What time do you usually take a shower,Kick?  瑞克,你通常几点钟淋浴?  —I usually take a shower at six forty.  我通常六点四十淋浴。  3. 一When do you go to work?  你什么时候去上班?  一At eleven o’clock, so I’m never late for work.  十一点,我上班从来没有迟到过  4. —What time do they get dressed?  他们几点钟穿上衣服?  一They always get dressed at seven twenty.  他们总是七点二十穿上衣服。  5. What time does your best friend go to school?  你最好的朋友几点去上学?  6. —When do students usually eat dinner?  学生们通常几点钟吃正養?  一They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening.  他们通常晚上六点四十五吃正餐。  7. When I get home. I always do my homework first.  我到家后,总是先做家庭作业。  8. In the evening,I either watch TV or play computer games.  晚上,我要么看看电视,要么玩玩游戏。  
 
Unit3 How do you get to school?  【重点单词】  train [treɪn] n. 火车  bus [bʌs] n. 公共汽车;公交车  subway ['sʌbweɪ] n. 地铁  take the subway 乘地铁  ride [raɪd] v. 骑 n. 旅程  bike [baɪ k] n. 自行车  ride a bike 骑自行车  sixty ['sɪkstɪ] num. 六十  seventy ['sevntɪ] num. 七十  eighty ['eɪtɪ] num. 八十  ninety ['naɪntɪ] num. 九十  hundred ['hʌndrəd] num. 一百  minute ['mɪnɪt] n. 分钟  far adv.&adj远;远的  kilometer n.公里  new adj.新的;刚出现的  every adj.每一;每个  every day 每天  by prep.(表示方式)乘(交通工具)  by bike 骑自行车  drive v.开车  car n.小汽车;轿车  live v.居住;生活  stop n.车站;停止  think of 认为  cross v.横过;越过  river n.河;江  many adj.&pron.许多  village n.村庄;村镇  between prep.介于…之间  between…and… 在……和……之间  bridge n.桥  boat n.小船  Ropeway n.索道  year n.年;岁  afraid adj.害怕;惧怕  like prep.像;怎么样  leave v.离开  dream n.梦想;睡梦 v.做梦  true adj.真的;符合事实的  come true 实现;成为现实  
 
【重点短语】  1. get to school 到达学校  2. take the train 乘火车  3. take the subway 乘地铁  4. ride a bike 骑自行车  5. how do you get to school 怎么到达学校  6. one hundred and five 105  7. how far 多远  8. how long 多长时间  9. it takes sb some time to do sth 它花费某人多长时间做某事  10. ride the bike to school 骑自行车到学校  11. walk to , drive to ,fly to… 步行去…;开车去…;坐飞机去….  12. every day 每天  13. I’m not sure 我不敢确信  14. about= around 大约  15. 10 kilometers 十公里  16. good exercise 好的锻炼  17. drive his car to work 开车去上班  18. in his father’s car 坐父亲的车  19. need about 10 minutes to get to school 需要十分钟的时间到达学校  20. what do you think of…=how do you like… 你觉得怎么样  21. cross the river 过河  22. It is easy to get to school. 到达学校很容易。  23. there is 有  24. between…and… 在两者之间  25. no= not any / not a 没有  26. The river runs quickly. 河水流得快。  27.quickly 动作上快 fast 速度上快 soon时间上快  28. on a ropeway 在索道上  29. go on a ropeway to cross the river 坐索道穿过河  30. love to do 喜欢做某事  31. an 11-year-old boy一个11岁大的男孩  32. ten minutes’ walk / a ten-minute walk 10分钟的路  33. be like a father to me 像父亲一样做某事  34. leave for … 到某地  35. be afraid to do, be afraid of sth / doing…害怕做某事  36. come true 实现  37. thanks for +n /doing sth.为…而感谢  38. at about 8:00 在大约8点  39. How to do it? 怎么来做它?  
 
【重点句型】  1. —Hey, Dave, How do you get to school?  喂,戴夫,你是如何到校的?  —I walk. How about you, Sally?  我是步行到校的,萨丽,你呢?  —I ride my bike.  我是骑自行车到校的。  2.—I ride it to school every day. How do you get to school?  我每天骑自行车上学,你呢?  一I usually take the bus.  我通常乘公交车上学.  3. How far is it from your home to school?  从你家到学校有多远?  4. 一How long does it take you to get to school?  你到学校要用多长时间?  —About 15 minutes by bike.  骑自行车大约十五分钟。  5. —Well, have a good day at school.  祝你在学校度过愉快的一天。  —You, too.  你也是。  6. —How do you get to school?  你是如何到校的?  —Well, I ride my bike to the subway station. Then I take the subway.  我先骑车去地铁站,然后乘地铁去学校。  7. Do you walk or ride a bike?  你是步行还是骑自行车?  8. For many students, it is easy to get to school.  对于许多学生来讲,上学是挺方便的。  9. There is a very big river between their school and the village.  在他们的学校与村庄之间有一条大河。  10. There is no bridge and the river runs the quickly for boats.  (河上)完全没有桥梁,而且河水湍急,不宜小船摆渡。  
 
Unit4 Don’t eat in class.  【重点单词】  rule n.规则;规章  arrive v.到达  (be) on time 准时  hallway n.走廊;过道  hall n.大厅;礼堂  dining hall 餐厅  listen v.听;倾听  listen to… 听……  fight v. &n.打架;战斗  sorry adj.抱歉的;难过的;惋惜的  outside adv在外面adj 外面的  wear v.穿;戴  important adj.重要的  bring v.带来;取来  uniform n.校服;制服  quiet adj安静的  out adv.外出  go out 外出(娱乐)  practice v.& n.练习  dish n.碟;盘  do the dishes 清洗餐具  before prep. conj在… 以前 adv以前  make (one’s) bed 铺床  dirty adj.脏的  kitchen n.厨房  more adj. pron.更多的  noisy adj.吵闹的  relax v.放松;休息  read v.读;阅读  terrible adj.非常讨厌的;可怕的  feel v.感受;觉的  strict adj.严格的;严厉的  be strict (with sb) (对某人)要求严格  remember v.记住;记起  follow v.遵循;跟随  follow the rules 遵守规则  luck n.幸运;运气  keep v.保持;保留  hair n.头发;毛发  learn v. 学习;学会  
 
【重点短语】  1. Don’t eat in class 在课堂上  2. arrive late for class 上课迟到  3. be on time 准时  4.in the hallways 在走廊里  5.in the dining hall 在餐厅  6. listen to music 听音乐  7 fight with… 与某人打架  8.Don’t eat in class. 不要在课堂上吃东西。  9. listen to music outside 在外面听音乐  10. wear a hat 戴帽子  11. There are a lot of rules. 有许多规则。  12. be late for … 因…而迟到  13. bring sth to … 带...到...  17. wear school uniform 穿校服  18. have to be quiet 不得不安静  19. see friends 看朋友  20. practice the guitar 练习吉他  21. do the dishes 洗盘子  22. help his mom make breakfast 帮助妈妈做早饭  23. clean his room 打扫他的房间  24. before dinner 晚饭后  25. too many rules太多规则  too many +可数名词 太多…  too much +不可数名词 太多…  much too +形容词 太…  26. make your bed 整理床铺  27. after breakfast 早饭后  28. leave sth in +地点 留….在某处  29. be noisy 太闹/ be quiet安静的  30. How you feel? 你感觉怎么样。  31. feel well 感觉好  32. tell sb. to do sth 告诉(叫)某人做某事  33. think about it 考虑它;想一下  34. on weekends 在周末  35. be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求  be strict in sth. 对某事要求严格  38. remember to do sth. 记住做某事  39. make rules to help us 制定规则做某事  40. follow the rules 遵守规则  41 keep my hair short 保持头发短  42 play with my friends  43. either 也(用于否定句末)  44. have fun doing 做某事有趣  
 
【重点句型】  1. Don't eat in class.  在课堂上不准吃东西。  2. Don't arrive late for class, you must be on time.  不准上课迟到,务必守时。  3. Don’t run is the hallways.  不准在走廊内乱跑。  4. Don’t eat in the classroom. You must in the dining hall.  不准在教室里吃东西,务必在餐厅里吃东西。  5. Don’t listen to music-in class.  不准在课堂上听音乐。  6. —Can we listen to music, Cindy?  我们可以听音乐吗?  —We can’t listen to music in the hallways, but we can listen to it outside.  我们不可以在走廊里听音乐,但在外面可以听。  7.—Can we bring music players to school?  我们可以把音乐播放器带到学校吗?  一No,we can't. And we always have to wear the school uniform.  不行,而且我们总是要穿着校服。  8. 一Does he have to wear a uniform at school?  他在学校一定要穿校服吗?  —Yes, he does. /No, he doesn't.  是 的 ,必须要穿校服。/不,不必要穿校服。  9. Get up now and make your bed.  现在起床了,把床铺整理一下。  10. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen!  别把脏碗留在厨房里。
 
Unit5 Why do you like pandas?  【重点单词】  panda n. 熊猫  zoo n. 动物园  tiger n. 老虎  elephant n.大象  koala n. 树袋熊  lion n. 狮子  giraffe n. 长颈鹿  animal n .动物  cute adj. 可爱的;机灵的  lazy adj. 懒散的;懒惰的  smart adj. 聪明的  beautiful adj 美丽的;美好的  scary adj. 吓人的;恐怖的  kind n. 种类  kind of 稍微;有点儿  Australia n. 澳大利亚  south adj. 南方的 n. 南;南方  Africa n.非洲  South Africa 南非  pet n. 宠物  leg n. 腿  cat n. 猫  sleep n. 睡觉  friendly adj .友好的  shy adj. 羞怯的;腼腆的  save v. 救;救助  symbol n. 象征  flag n. 旗;旗帜  forget v. 忘记;遗忘  get lost 迷路  place n. 地点;位置  water n.水  danger n. 危险  be in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险之中  cut v. 砍;切  down adv.(坐、躺、倒)下 prep.向下;沿着  cut down 砍倒  tree n. 树  kill v.杀死;弄死  ivory n.象牙  over prep .超过;多于;在… 上方  (be) made of 由……制成的  Thailand n.泰国  Thai n.泰国(人的);泰语(的)  
 
【重点短语】  1. importance in Thailand 在泰国的重要性  2. Let’s see…. first. 让我们先看...  3. favorite animals 最喜欢的动物  4. kind of interesting 有点有趣  5. South Africa 南非  6. be from =come from 来自  7. be smart 聪明的  8. walk on two legs 用两条腿走  9. all day/all night 整天 /整夜  10. a good name for her 对于她是个好名字  11. like …a lot 非常喜欢......  12. black and white 黑白相间  13. You’re right. 你是正确的。  14. one of +名词复数 (......其中之一)  15. our first flag 我们的第一面旗  16. a symbol of good luck 好运的象征  17. draw well 画得好  18. forget to do 忘记做某事  19. get/be lost 迷路  20. places with food and water有食物和水的地方  21. be in great danger 处于危险  22. cut down 砍倒  23. over = more than 超过/多于  24 be made of... 由…制成  25.Thai Elephant Day 大象节  
 
【重点句型】  1. —Let's see the pandas first. They're my favorite animals.  咱们先看熊猫吧,我最喜欢熊猫了。  —Why?  为什么?  —Because they’re very cute.  因为它们非常可爱。  2. Why do you want to see them?  你为什么想看它们?  3. He can walk on two legs.  他(指“狗”)会立着行.  4. —Why don’t you like the cat?  你为什么不喜欢这猫?  —Well,because she's kind of boring, she sleeps all day.  因为她有点儿令人乏味,并且整天都在睡觉  5. —Why don't you like tigers?  你为何不喜欢老虎?  —Because they're really scary.  因为它们确实可怕。  6. —Where are lions from?  狮子来自什么地方?  —They're from South Africa.  他们来自南非。  7. But I like tigers a lot.  但我非常喜欢老虎。  8. Our first flag had a white elephant on it.  我们的第一面国旗上就绘着一头白象!  9. People say that “an elephant never forgets. ”  人们说大象从来不会忘记。  10. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost.  大象能够长时间行走,而且不迷路。  11. But elephants are in great danger.  但是大象面临巨大的危险。  12. We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory.  我们必须拯救树木,拒买象牙制品。  
 
Unit6 I’m watching TV.  【重点单词】  newspaper n .报纸  read a newspaper 看报纸  use v.使用;运用  soup n.汤  make soup 做汤  wash v.洗  movie n.电影  go to movies 看电影  just adv. 只是;恰好  eat out 出去吃饭  house n.房子  drink v..喝n.饮料  tea n.茶;茶叶  drink tea 喝茶  tomorrow adv. 在明天 n. 明天;未来  pool n. 游泳池;水池  shop v. 购物 n. 商店  supermarket n. 超市  man n.男人;人  race n.竞赛  host n.主人;东道主  study v./n. 学习;研究  state n. 洲  the United States 美国;美利坚合众国  Ame。

以上就是我们需要记忆的一些初中英语单词以及初中英语单词的一个学习方法,了解这些可以很好的帮助我们进行初中的英语学习,从而取得更大的进步,通过以上的方法更好的记忆初中英语单词,从而更好的学习英语,掌握更多的英语单知识对于我们来说也是巨大的帮助,通过英语单词的学习也一定会让我们的英语成绩越来越好。

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